Conserving wildlife in the Anthropocene is a monumental challenge. From increasing habitat destruction to poaching and escalating infectious disease risk, understanding the ways in which human beings are interacting and coexisting with wildlife has never been so crucial. With many wildlife species living in shared landscapes, mostly outside of protected areas, conservation of threatened species is not only about fencing off ‘wilderness’ areas. My research focuses on understanding the ways in which humans and nonhuman great apes coexist in West Africa to help build culturally sensitive conservation solutions that respond to and consider the needs of both. This can only be achieved through developing effective collaborations with local and National stakeholders and ensuring our cross-disciplinary research informs evidence-based conservation strategy.